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Canadians go abroad to adopt 1,946 children in 2010

Dec 4, 2011

Canada's international adoption statistics for 2010 have just been released by Citizenship and Immigration Canada(CIC).

The numbers are slightly down from the year before: 1,946 children from abroad found adoptive homes in Canada, compared to 2,122 in 2009.

The 8% drop still leaves the numbers near the long-term average of 2,000 a year which was typical of the 1990s and early 2000s. A low of 1,535 was reached in 2006.

Here are the Canadian statistics for the last 16 years:

 

1995: 2,010    2003: 2,180

1996: 2,061    2004: 1,955

1997: 1,800    2005: 1,871

1998: 2,222    2006: 1,535

1999: 2,019     2007: 1,713

2000: 1,866    2008: 1,915

2001: 1,874     2009: 2,122

2002: 1,926     2010: 1,946

China preserved its place as the country sending the most children by far to Canada, with a small increase to 472, up from 451 in 2009.

Haiti made a strong showing in second place—Canadians adopted 172 Haitian children, up from 141 in 2009, an expected increase resulting from the influx after the Jan. 12, 2010 earthquake. (See "179 Haitian adoptees reach Canada".)

But modest increases in some countries were more than matched by decreases elsewhere, such as the U.S., Vietnam, Russia and Ukraine.

Ethiopia showed the biggest drop, down to 63, compared to 170 in 2009, reflecting the bankruptcy of Ontario agency Imagine Adoption.

The following table shows the top 29 countries which were sources of children adopted to Canada in 2010. CIC reported on 82 countries in all.


International Adoptions to Canada
Top 29 source countries in 2010

 

  2010
China 472
Haiti 172
U.S. 148
Vietnam 139
Russia 102
South Korea 98
Philippines 88
Ethiopia 63
Colombia 62
India 55
Kazakhstan 48
Ukraine 46
Pakistan 27
Thailand 23
Jamaica 18
U.K. 18
Taiwan 16
South Africa 13
Lesotho 12
Mexico 12
Uganda 10
Mali 7
D.R. Congo 6
Bulgaria 5
Ghana 5
Iran 5
Kenya 5
Peru 5
Swaziland 5
All countries 1,946

 

Source: Citizenship & Immigration Canada, RDM at March 2011, and GCMS on May 31, 2011. Transmitted Oct. 26, 2011. Summations by Robin Hilborn, Family Helper, www.familyhelper.net.

 

The following table compares the top ten source countries in 2010 with the same countries in 2008 and 2009.


International Adoptions to Canada
Top 10 source countries, 2008–2010

 

  2008 2009 2010
China 431 451 472
Haiti 147 141 172
U.S. 182 253 148
Vietnam 111 159 139
Russia 91 121 102
South Korea 98 93 98
Philippines 118 86 88
Ethiopia 187 170 63
Colombia 53 41 62
India 54 59 55
All countries 1,915 2,122 1,946

 

CIC did not release a breakdown of the 2010 statistics by province. Family Helper has reports for previous years.

Two channels to enter Canada

A child adopted from a foreign country enters Canada through one of two channels: the citizenship process (which makes the child a Canadian citizen) or the immigration process (which makes the child a permanent resident). CIC has an explanation of the two processes.

CIC tracks international adoption numbers separately, reporting them as "New Citizens under Section 5.1 of the Citizenship Act" ("CIT") or as "Permanent Residents" ("PR"). In 2010, 1,133 intercountry adoptions took the citizenship route, while 813 adoptions took the permanent resident route, for a total of 1,946.


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